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¡Cumplan con la orden…!

La primer orden de un maestro a sus alumnos fue: “investiguen sobre…” .¿Quién les enseñó a los niños a investigar?

La segunda orden fue: “Hagan un cuadro sinóptico”. ¿Alguien les enseñó a hacer cuadros sinópticos a los niños?

La tercer orden fue: “Lean el párrafo tal y luego cuenten lo leido…...” .¿Sabe el maestro, previamente, si los niños leen correctamente y de corrido para poder interpretar lo leído?

La cuarta orden fue: “Lean el problema y resuélvanlo”. Nuevamente, ¿sabe el profesor de matemática si los alumnos leen correctamente para poder interpretar el problema?, además, ¿entienden el significado de resolver, o buscarán un resultado?

La quinta orden fue: “Saquen las ideas fundamentales y luego hagan un resumen”., ¿Tienen los conocimientos suficientes para saber cuáles son las ideas fundamentales?, ¿quién los adiestró en eso de resumir?.

La sexta orden fue: “Midan el ángulo con el transportador”. ¿Dispusieron del tiempo suficiente para aprender a manejar ese instrumento (transportador) correctamente?.

La séptima orden fue: “Para aprobar deberían presentar una monografía…..” . Si ese profesor no les enseñó antes qué es y cómo se hace una monografía, ¿tendrá éxito en el cumplimiento de la orden?.

Hemos mostrado ejemplos escolares para poder analizar algunas posibles causas de ciertos fracasos.

Entendamos, como decía el doctor Oscar Alende:

“las órdenes se cumplen o no se cumplen, pero no se discuten”

Ahora bien, para cumplir una orden hay que tener las herramientas necesarias y suficientes para llevarla a cabo. Las preguntas que hicimos junto a cada orden apuntan, precisamente, a la posesión de esas herramientas. Los adultos poseedores de herramientas, técnicas, métodos, teorías sustentables, experiencias, experticias, etc, creemos, muchas veces, que los aprendices también las poseen, y consecuentemente damos por hecho o entendible aquello que no es conocido por el otro. A esto sobrevienen los fracasos en el cumplimiento de la orden, por no acatarla o llevarla a cabo incorrectamente.

¿Y entonces?  Si el que emite la orden, no está seguro que quien debe  ejecutarla, posee esas herramientas de las que hablamos, debe transformar la orden en sugerencia, por ejemplo veamos cada caso:

”Qué les parece si investigamos sobre……”?

“Hagamos, entre todos, un cuadro sinóptico”
“Leamos el párrafo tal y luego  discutamos sobre lo que creímos haber interpretado”.

“¿Quién lee el problema en voz alta? Así luego lo analizamos y comenzamos a resolver”.

“Leamos en silencio el capítulo tal, luego vamos a ver que quiso decir el autor, analicemos nuestras coincidencias,  y posteriormente escribiremos estas coincidencias para lograr, entre todos, un resumen”.

“Vamos a ver como medimos el ángulo que yo voy a dibujar en el pizarrón, después ustedes podrán medir el que dibujen en sus cuadernos”.

“Vamos a hacer una monografía sobre el temas tal. Para mañana cada uno traiga material sobre el tema y entre todos aprenderemos a construir la monografía”.

Este, creo, es el rol de la educación escolar:

no solo aprender contenidos, llenar la cabecita, sino hacerse de las herramientas instrumentales necesarias para comunicar los saberes adquiridos y cumplir, de este modo, su auténtica función social.-

La educación escolar tiene enormes satisfacciones para los maestros si son capaces de llevar a cabo la tarea de despertar en el otro el deseo de aprender, pero resulta muy desagradable si solo se transforma en un constante evaluador de propuestas no cumplidas.

No se trata de inventar métodos que no fueron suficientemente investigados o probados. No se trata de dar un libro a cada alumnos y que trabajen, ¿trabajar sobre qué?. Para llevar a cabo cualquier trabajo hay que saber, primero, de lo que se trata. Imaginemos decirle a alguien que siempre se desempeñó como albañil: “subí al auto que te llevo al trabajo” y al llegar ve que el trabajo es armar teléfonos celulares.-

Por lo tanto si usamos aquella frase “de la nada, nada” en el proceso educativo es eso. Para exigir, primero, hay que dar en la misma medida de la exigencia. No pretendamos respuestas a nuestras consignas escolares si antes no tenemos la absoluta certeza de las posibilidades que el  aprendiz tiene para acercarse al resultado.

No se trata, entonces, de dar tantas órdenes sino de compartir aprendizajes en el hacer diario y constante, para eso vamos a la escuela.

Porque la escuela, precisamente, es el lugar de “trabajo” donde “se trabaja para aprender y se aprende a trabajar”.

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